Raja means king. Raj means of the king. Vidya is education and
Guhya is secret. Rajvidya means King of all education i.e. the most
supreme education one can get. Rajguhya means King of all secrets i.e.
the secret of all secrets.
of God's omnipresence
In this chapter,
Krishna talks to Arjuna on a confidential matter because Arjuna is not
only his disciple, but he is His companion of heart. Just as we
oftentimes confide even the most valuable secret to somebody very close
to us, Krishna is telling Arjuna this most important secret. Also, in
the matter of getting education in any subject, this is the most
important of all subjects. The subject matter can be personally
experienced and this secret can be directly perceived. This secret is
supreme in purity, supporting the Dharma and can be happily practised.
Moreover it is imperishable. People who do not have faith in this, can
never reach Him. They have to be born again and again as per the laws of
The secret which
Krishna revealed to Arjuna, is that God is unmanifested energy. He
remains in that form all the time; and out of His inexhaustible energy,
He has brought into existence the manifested Universe. All the beings in
this Universe reside in Him but He is not limited by their number. He
has no dimensions whereas all manifested beings have. It is not also
totally correct to say that these beings are in Him. This is His secret
power of existence. All beings are in Him yet they are not in Him. His
soul is the sole support to all beings, the caretaker of them yet not in
This statement is
confusing. Krishna says, on one hand, that all beings are in Him and He
is not in them. He also says, on the other hand, that all beings are NOT
in Him. How is possible?
This is the secret. To understand it, we have to go into more details.
Here, we are talking of two things, one inside the other. The two
entities are (a) God and (b) His creation. The creation includes all the
worlds and everything that is in them. This latter was not created by
God like a potter who creates a pot from mud. The potter takes some mud,
gives it a shape on his wheel and we see a form being created. In this
way he can create hundreds of pots of different size and shape. That is
his creation, which is separate from him. Later the potter dies but his
creation still remains. The pots do not need the support of their
creator once they are born. The creator and his creation, in this case,
stand separately on their own. There is no relation between them. You go
to another country on a pleasure trip. You go to the market place and
buy a beautiful pot. You bring it home. The creator of that pot does not
know where it is gone. The pot is not bothered who created it.
beings in God
God's creation is not
like this. He did not sit at one place and start creating different
worlds giving them shape on a wheel. He, who was unmanifested energy,
spread everywhere with no limiting boundaries, transformed Himself into
open space and started moving vigorously in it. So He became Akash and
Vayu. From these two other three great elements were produced one by one.
Combination of these five gave physical form to the Universe. In chapter
7 we have seen that He created this "Apara" Prakruti of 5
gross and 3 subtle elements which are the mind, intellect and ego. All
these elements are part of His energy. The eight elements together form
composition of beings in His creation. So whereas a potter created pots,
God became beings. That is why we say God is everywhere. In this way,
when His creation and all the beings were created, they stood in Him,
resting on His support. He, the energy was not exhausted. He still
When you go to Arctic
ocean, you can see many icebergs in it. They are created by the ocean,
in the ocean; and they stand in it. Ocean is the creator, the icebergs
are the creation. The creator can live without His creation but the
creation cannot live without Him. Ocean can exist without icebergs but
they need the ocean's support to live. All the sea water and animals
also like sealions who live on the icebergs are in the ocean. The whole
creation is in the creator. That is the explanation of His first
statement: "All beings are in Him."
is not in beings
His second statement is
that "He is not in them". In seventh chapter we learnt about
His higher level Prakruti called Para or Jiva parkruti. This is also
part of His highly volatile energy. Through it, He gives each living
being a power to carry out all body and mind functions. As the life span
of each being is related to the Prarabdha Karma, this energy stays in
the body of each being till the time the Prarabdha Karma is exhausted.
That part of His energy which is transformed into gross and subtle
elements forming individual beings is of a lower nature because it gets
exhausted and has to go back to its original unmanifested form after
some time. All beings, when die, go back to the five gross elements.
Bones become dust (part of prithvi element), liquid in the body in the
form of blood, saliva etc. is either
dried up and vanished in dust or burnt up. The heat in the body goes
back to the Teja element, breath goes to Vayu and the space inside
merges into space outside, which is Akash. The three subtle element
remain with the higher energy, the Para Prakruti, which does not change.
Thus, this Para Prakruti also called Atma, is in every being to give it,
what we call life. Yet Atma is not God. Atma is in all living beings but
God is not in them.
In spiritual studies,
you first try to get self realization. It means, the Atma realizes He is
not a part of the lower Prakruti. He is separate and belongs to God who
is not in bondage any time. Then He tries to go to God and takes many
lives to do so. So God is not in the being. It is like the water in the
iceberg is which a part of ocean but it is not ocean. Iceberg is in
ocean but ocean is not in it.
are not in God
The third statement
which is directly opposite to the first one is "All beings are NOT
in Him." This is confusion. The ocean says, "All these
icebergs are in Me" and we agree. Now he says "they are not in
Me". How do we understand and accept this?
To understand this
statement, let us take another example. You live in a city called
"A". There are 25 other cities called "B",
"C" etc. upto "Z", distantly situated. All these 26
cities, including yours, are in a country called "XYZ". You
live in "A" but not in "B". Your friend lives in
"B" but not in "A". Yet both of you live in "XYZ".
Similarly, God's creation this world which is XYZ, has all beings living
separately in different forms in it. Yet when we talk of individual
beings, each one has a part of that XYZ in it. The part in being A is
not the same as in B, though all parts are parts of the whole XYZ. Yet
XYZ, the world, or God's creation is not the same as God Himself. He
exists without it but it cannot exist without Him. God is, therefore,
still aloof and distant from A,B,C etc. So on one hand, all beings are
in Him (through His Prakruti) they are not in Him directly. That is why,
He does not do anything. Everything is done by His Prakruti, or His
energy. He has created the Universe out of Himself, has been supporting
it all the time, yet He Himself is aloof from it. He is in manifested
form everywhere because everything is Him, yet He remains in
unmanifested form also everywhere all the time.
In the first Yuga, the
Satya Yuga, the demon king Hiranyakashipu had done severe penance and
God Shankara was pleased. With the boon received from Shankara, the
deity of destruction, the king became grossly arrogant. He proclaimed
that nobody would worship Vishnu, the deity of preservation. He passed
an ordinance that all his subjects must worship him alone. People obeyed
out of fear of death punishment, but his only son, Pralhad, did not. He
was a devotee of Vishnu. He always chanted "Narayana, Narayana",
which is a name of the deity Vishnu. The king passed orders to his
soldiers to kill Pralhad. They tried but Vishnu saved him all the time.
e.g. When he was thrown in a pot of boiling oil, the oil became cool
water. When they tried to cut off his head, the sword became paper. What
could they do? They brought him to the king and told him everything. So
the king asked his son,
always chant "Narayana. Where is he?"
father, what do you ask? Ask me where he is not. He
He in this pillar?" the king asked, pointing to a
huge pillar in his court.
He is there," the boy replied.
The king, in a fit of
rage kicked the pillar which broke into two pieces with a loud noise.
And from that pillar came out the form half lion, half man, with even a
greater roar. That was the incarnation of God called "Narasimha".
Nara means man, simha means lion. How did this happen?
God, who is everywhere in the form of this manifested world and its
beings through his own two higher and lower Prakrutis, is still
everywhere in His unmanifested energy. He manifested in that form
through the pillar.
Hence, while on one
hand all the beings are in Him, through His Prakruti, still they are not
in Him when we consider Him as real God, in purest original state. Just
as wind occupies every speck of space and is spread throughout, thus
encompassing all the beings, yet they are not in it, so does God holds
all in Him by encompassing them yet they are not in Him.
When one Kalpa is over,
some time is lost before the new Kalpa (combined period of 4 Yugas)
begins. During that time, all beings come to reside in His Prakruti in
embryo state. When the new Kalpa begins, He provides the necessary
energy to germinate them. This action is not performed directly by Him.
He inspires His Prakruti and sets it into motion and the process of
creation begins. This may be said to be an action of God. We have seen
before, that every action is preceded by desire. This creation will not
take place unless God desires it. So it is His Karma. That is true. But
since He is not attached to the desire or the Karma, it does not create
bondage for Him.
He has already told us
in verse no. 14 of chapter 4, that His Karma does not create bondage for
Him. He who understands this and behaves in a like manner also gets free
from Karmic bondage. Krishna has thus revealed His own secret, the
secret of His being, His whereabouts to Arjuna. The question now arises,
is, if God is so enigmatic, so difficult to understand, how to find Him?
Krishna now reveals a way which will surely take any being, who follows
that path, to his abode.
Now we know that there
are two initial entities. One is God. That is unlimited, inexhaustible,
imperishable, dimensionless energy. The other is His Prakruti - a part
of His energy-which created the Universe, formed its laws and set it
into motion. This entity could not work on its own. It required the main
energy, the God, to be with it all the time. So we have God,
unmanifested energy, and we have Prakruti, manifested energy with God's
presence in it. This second entity is responsible for all happenings.
God has nothing to do with anything. The Universe is born. It dies and
is reborn. Everything happens according to the will of God but through
His Prakruti. To distinguish the two entities two terms are used. The
first one, pure energy, is called "Shuddha Brahma", while the
second one is called "Shabal Brahma" (Brahma not so pure). It
is like having a piece of pure gold and an ornament made of gold with a
small percentage of other metals in it, because pure gold will not
remain hard. Yet both are gold.
The Pure Brahma, the
God, manifests in every Yuga to uphold the cause of Dharma, when it
declines. This is the only reason for His incarnation, as explained in
verse no. 7 of chapter 4. In Satya Yuga He incarnated as
"Narasimha"; in Treta Yuga, He became Rama to kill the demon
Ravana; then in Dwapara Yuga we have the God manifested as Krishna to
kill the demon Kamsa. Before the end of Dwapara Yuga, Krishna told this
Gita to Arjuna so that it would be carried in the next Yuga, which is
the present Kaliyuga. In this Yuga we do not have demons. The life span
is limited to about 100 years. Few may live more, but majority live
somewhere near 100 years. The demons, in this Yuga are in human mind.
They are to be killed there. So He said to the sage "Narada",
I will be in My Name, in Kaliyuga.
misunderstanding by the words My or Me used by Krishna
words have been misunderstood. Many people believe that you take God's
name and He will protect you, pardon you and take care of your
Rama or Krishna. They think that to worship God is to worship
these humans forms. They cannot understand that whether Rama or Krishna,
He is the energy manifested in that form. There are two kinds of people,
(a) those who laugh at the idea of considering Krishna, the incarnation
in the last Yuga, as God. The reason being that He lived like an
ordinary human. His life history is difficult to fathom. People look at
it and compare His behaviour, His acts with those of other humans and
then evaluate Him. They do not understand that as an incarnation, He has
to play a particular role in public life. Yet none of His actions bind
Him because He is not in them. Many of these people worship demigods,
whom they have not seen, and whose life stories are different from those
of other humans. Others ridicule the idea of God coming down on earth as
a human being and live like a very ordinary person. They do not believe
any reincarnations. For them God is somebody in or above heaven, who
sits there in judgement and evaluates us when we die. Some think that
giving charities, absolves one from sins and takes one to God's abode.
All there beliefs arise
out of ignorance of God, His creation, the laws of nature (Prakruti) and
the theory of Karma. Many of
these people take refuge in the powers of demigods or some Yogis who
show extra ordinary powers. These people's lives are in vain. Their
intellect is easily deluded and they take pleasure in satisfying
desires. All they want in life is good things, sensual pleasures,
wealth, power, fame etc. If God can help them to get these, they are
There are yet others
who believe in incarnation of God as a human being, whether Rama or
Krishna. These people fall in two types. The most common type is the one
who take this human form alone as God and cannot understand the
omnipotence, omnipresence of God. It is difficult for them to believe
that Krishna and the dog wandering across the street are the same. They
also do not want to believe that besides Krishna, there are other
manifested forms of God or that, God can manifest in any form. These
people are no doubt very pious, devoted, God loving but they will tell
you to worship Krishna only. Their belief is based on the very words of
Krishna in Gita when He says "Worship Me, Think of Me" etc.
They do not realise that this "Me" is not the only physical
form of Krishna but it includes and means His overall unmanifested and
larger state of existence.
The other type is the
people who worship Krishna or Rama or any other deity with full
realization that behind these manifested forms is one force of energy
which reigns everywhere, and whether one worships one form or the other
or does not worship any form, makes no difference at all.
Those who want only
material benefits should worship demigods and please them. Those who
want to know God, who want to realize what self or Atma is should
worship incarnation of God or His messengers, Sages or only the
unmanifested form. There are many ways. In this chapter, Krishna tells
us about how the believers in His manifested form worship Him. These
devotees spend their time in singing His devotional songs, psalms,
hymns; reading His stories and telling them to others; setting aside
some time of their daily routine life to worship His idol or a picture;
going to a Mandir and offering garlands; taking part in selfish service
work in Mandir, Churches, Mosques and other Houses of God. Whatever they
do, they constantly think of the God, they have faith in.
There are others who
believe that the incarnation of God took place as Krishna in the last
Yuga. In that Yuga, kings and sages performed Yagnyas. So in this Yuga
also knowledge of manifested God, take pleasure in giving lectures,
discourses to tell others what God, really is and so on. In this way
they service to Him some , in course of their devotion, find difference
between God and them and are happy putting Him (His manifested form) in
their mind and offering it various services. Some see no difference
between God and other beings. They all are right in their own ways.
In all of the actions
performed by various believers in God, the important factor to note is
faith. Here, we come to know the difference between faith and intellect.
Uptill now in this chapter, more stress was given on intellect because
intellect is what we need to make good use of, in doing our Karma.
Seeking God in Karma only is one way and seeking Him by being devoted to
Him is another way. In the first path, you may not worship him, may not
go to any Houses of God, may not offer prayers. In short, for the rest
of the world you may be a non believer in God. Yet, you are not so. You
believe in Him. You do all your Karmas in a non detached manner and
cross the boundaries of senses and mind. You use your intellect and walk
on this path. Intellect tells that God is everywhere, it is the duty and
responsibility of every human to do one's duty perfectly and be a Karma Yogi.
Your Karma is your God. Treat it that way.
People who undertake
the path of devotion, also do Karma. Devotion is also a Karma. Every
thought, word, action is Karma. But in this second path, the devotee who
worships the manifested form, may not do his Karma in a detached manner.
All his routine daily Karmas, based on respective desires, are done with
some intention. He is attached to the Karma. Yet he finds time to
worship God. He does not use intellect. He has faith. He relies on it.
As his worship increases, he begins to think of God in all his work.
Sometime, somewhere, in some human life, a spark flashes. He begins to
love the manifested form of God. His interest in worldly matters goes on
waning. He spends hours and days and nights with God in his mind. He may
have still attachment to His Karma. He may be millions of miles away
from being a Karma Yogi. Yet he advances slowly on the path of devotion.
He can get enlightenment on his path.
of paths into one, to reach destination
As said earlier, there
could be many different paths leading to one destination. When you want
to reach His abode, there are different paths but all of them come to
one point. That point is real, undiluted love for Him, whether you see
Him as unmanifested source of energy, as manifested idol form of any
kind, or as your Karma, finally you have to have attachment to Him. The
intellect tells the mind to turn inwards and be attached to Atma,
instead of a remaining with senses. Faith turns the mind into believing,
that apart from Him there is nothing else worth having. It pulls the
mind away from sense pleasures. In both paths and in other ways also,
you come to this point where you develop a rapport with the God you
believe in. You develop love for Him. From that point onwards, there is
only one path. The goal is to get lost body, mind, intellect, ego, all
in all in His love. After revealing His secret, Krishna explains His
forms in verses nos. 16 to 19, thus.
He, the unmanifested
God is the ritual of all sacrifices (Yagnyas). He himself is the
sacrifice of the offering, to the ancestors, the herbal medicine, the
Mantra, the ghee or butter, the fire and all the offerings. He is the
father of the Universe, the mother, the supporter and the grandfather.
He is the object to be known and understood, the purifier, the first
sound manifested AUM, the Rigveda, the Samaveda and the Yajurveda. He is
the goal to be attained as well as He is the speed and end of
everything. He is the sustained, the Master, the witness, the abode, the
refuge and the most trustworthy friend of anybody. He is the creator and
creation, the annihilation, the resting place of everything and the
seed. He gives heat, He withholds and sends down rain. He is immortality
and He is death. He is spirit and He is matter.
After explaining both
His states, the pure unmanifested energy state as God; and the impure
manifested state which is responsible for all creation, as Prakruti, He
has made it clear that He is all in all. In the previous Yugas , more
importance was given to sacrifices. Those actions were necessary for
enabling the doers to concentrate on God because, in truth, the
sacrifices including all ceremonies were none other than His energy i.e.
He Himself mixed with other manifestations. Even in the present
Kaliyuga, He is no different. He is everything. What is perceptible to
senses and understood by mind is Him (His energy mixed with various
forms created by His Prakruti). He and His Prakruti is what everything
is about. The main performer is His Prakruti (God is not pure form of
energy), appearing in both lower and higher forms. He is the force, the
energy in it and surrounding it.
proporionate to Karma
The Vedas tell us about
His Prakruti and creation because that knowledge is perceptible. Yet
they are unable to know Him because He, in pure unmanifested form, is
unknowable. No sense organs, mind or intellect can ever know Him. In
Dwapara Yuga people studied and followed Vedas. Such people who had
knowledge of the three Vedas - Rigveda, Samaveda and Yajurveda-, those
in heaven who drank "Somarasa" (pure juice of soma), those who
were purified in mind and thus desired to go to Heaven, also worshipped
the God indirectly. They got their desires fulfilled and in the next
life they were born in heaven, the world ruled by Indra. All these
people, when in the higher world, enjoy heavenly pleasures. Yet, their
pleasures are time bound. Their Karmas on earth were responsible for
them. They cannot be enjoyed forever. When the Karma gets its reward, it
gets over. These enjoyments get over when the respective Karma gets
You go to market. You
want to buy vegetables. The rate is ten rupees for one kilo. You pay
five rupees, you get half a kilo; you pay one rupee you get hundred
grams of vegetables. In the same way the amount and the time of
enjoyment of heavenly, pleasures depend upon the relative Karma. The
time is fixed. Once it is over you take rebirth on earth. Hence even the
highest of all highest and noblest Karma, as praised by Vedas will not
take you out of the cycle and death. In this way, nobody can ever reach
His abode. In His creation, three main worlds are mentioned. The highest
and most coveted for, is heaven, the most condemned and dreaded is he'll
and the most commonly frequented is the middle one, the Earth. In this,
you do enjoy some pleasures as well as pains. You do experience peak of
sensual happiness and extreme torture; a somewhat mixture of both heaven
and hell in miniscule. Then you are told to perform sacrifices and do
good Punya (sinless) Karma so you can go to heaven. You become happy.
The common man, therefore mostly aspires to go to heaven after death.
You have to understand
that, go to heaven you may, but come back to earth you will. By the time
you are back, what will be the state of this Kaliyuga, which is bound to
become worse and worse. So why aspire for heaven? You have had hundreds
of thousands of lives before, and you will have many more thousands in
future. In all of them, you will experience more and more displeasure,
loss of peace, more misery and so on. Why be born again in this world.
Why not try in this very life to get out of this cycle, to go beyond
heaven, to reach the abode of God?
to God's house
There is a way to go to
God. The way of undiluted devotional love. Whereas the way of Karma Yoga
is to do every Karma that comes in the walk of one's duty, in the right
way, having no attachment to it, this way is the devotional way. In this
you do all your Karmas and may have attachment to them. But you keep Him
in your thoughts all the time, to the exclusion of other demigods. You
worship His form, sing His Bhajans, and see Him, the idol of your
worship. When you go to any other House of God, when you do your Karma,
keep the habit of thinking about Him, remembering Him. If you have faith
in Krishna, and if you go to Rama's temple, look upon Rama as Krishna.
If you are a devotee of other form e.g. Rama and you go to Pandharpur to
have the Darshana of Vitthal, you pray Him as Rama. If you have faith in
Jesus, there is no harm in going to a Mandir of Rama or Krishna and
offering your prayer. In that Mandir, you look to the idol in front of
you as Jesus and pray Him as if you are praying Jesus. Likewise a
Krishna devotee can go to church and offer prayers in front of the
statue of Virgin Mary or Jesus as if they are other forms of Krishna.
This frame of mind
indicates one pointed devotion. The world is full of many religions,
secds and groups. They have different practices. They pray differently,
worship differently, yet they all pray and worship the same God. Your
devotion to any one form must be stead fast. It must not change. You
need not have doubts of entering any other type of God's House than the
one which you frequently visit. You have made a rule to pray once in a
day in front of an idol of your deity. You happen to go to a city where
there is no such placer but there is a church nearby. You should have no
hesitation in going in, kneeling and praying, thinking of your deity in
place of Jesus, all the time.
Once the mind is, thus,
fixed on one form, the next step is to remember Him all the time.
Whether you work as a labourer, as a manager; whether you have business
of you own, you carry on with your work, as you must do it, but instead
of letting the mind to wander to innumerable objects, let it remember
Him. A daily practice of worshipping, singing bhajans, reading His
stories, listening to discourses etc. helps the mind to develop a liking
for the deity you worship. The basis of this devotion is faith. It is
said that faith works miracles.
of God all the time
When you are devoted to
God - Krishna, Rama, Vitthal, Ganesha, Shankara, Vishnu, Jesus, prophet
Mohamad PBUH or any other saint, with this faith that you are
worshipping God, your mental level is enhanced. Constant thinking of God
brings your mind close to Him. Those who are so placed in in their
devotion and are constantly engaged mentally in this practice, while
going about doing their Karma, are liked after by God. Their needs are
met and what they need, remains with them till the need remains.
In this verse no. 22
there are three main words. The first word of the first line means
"Thinking of "Me" to the exclusion of everything
else". The last word of this line means, "worship
properly" and the second word of second line means,
"constantly fixed in devotion".
Majority of people are
devotees of God and they worship Him in different forms and different
ways. It does not matter. What is important is the FAITH, the sincere
belief that in this world it is He only who is worth remembering and
loving. This faith, when grows due to constant devotional practice,
turns into love and the devotee feels happy to think of God. He
remembers His stories, wonders how He must be staying everywhere. Slowly
and steadily his mind starts seeing God in everything. Hatred,
animosity, envy, and all such harmful negative thoughts go away. They
are wiped out in a strong current of love. In this way the devotee
reaches a state of mind that he or she cannot think of anything else. It
is not true that the devotee has to leave all work and sing His songs
day and night. The devotee carries out his Karma but in the mind has
place only for Him.
Imagine a boy and a
girl falling in love with each other. They cannot think of anything
else. Whatever they do, their minds always fall back in thinking about
the loved one. Love of God is on a much higher plane because there is no
desire for physical proximity with sensual pleasure. This love develops
in the mind of a devotee by constant worship and devotion. Intellect may
not accept this but Faith is stronger than intellect. Mountains can be
moved and miracles can happen due to faith but not by intellect.
People who worship
demigods with same love and devotion, also, in reality, worship God. The
only difference is that their love is directed in a wrong way. Because
they fail to understand, that the real enjoyer of all sacrifices is God,
even though the offerings are made to other deities. In doing so, these
people forget God. They think that the demigod to whom they affer
sacrificial things and worship, is the all in all. It is their lack of
understanding the truth, despite their true devotion and love, which
brings them down on earth to live again. They do not get out of the
cycle unless their love is centred on God.
He who loves God, loves
all. He has no enemies. Even if a person does incalculable harm to such
a devotee who thinks of and remembers God always, the devotee would
still love that person. He sees God everywhere. He is pained when he
sees suffering of others. Even if he has only one shirt to wear and if
he sees a poor person without any shirt, this devotee would weep and
joyfully give his own shirt to the shirtless person. This is, in short,
what is meant by loving God. But the devotee who loves demigods and
other deities, fails to come to this level. Different deities and
demigods have their places in heaven. Their devotees, after human
existence, reach those places because of their devotion and love.
Worshippers of ancestors go to the place where their ancestors are.
There are yet others who worship ghosts and spirits. They reach there.
Those who love and worship God reach God's abode.
Before one develops
this love for God, i.e. before the devotee begins to realize that loving
God is in fact nothing else but loving all beings, the devotee is
engaged in worshipping the idol of God. Since we are aware of two human
incarnations from the last two Yugas viz., Rama and Krishna, many people
worship either of these two forms. But the most important aspect of
worship is the faith, the belief that this is God, who is everywhere.
In idol worship, there
is still some ignorance in majority of devotees. It is felt that God is
pleased when you offer Him large gifts. There are people with lot of
wealth. They go to Churches, Mandirs and donate. That is good. But when
some of them desire to be known among masses about their donations, and
expect some favours from the clergy or trustees, they make a big
mistake. It is also seen in some places of worship that when a rich
person, man or woman, goes there in an elegant motor car and carries
costly garlands of flowers, boxes of rich sweets and keep a wad of notes
on the feet of God, as an offering, other devotees feel belittled. The
priests go out of their ways to serve them. What a shame? In the House
of God, where everybody is equal; where an ant crawling on the floor is
no smaller than a king who comes in a palanquin, the priests serve the
humans and give them priority.
God is not moved by
pomp and wealth. After all, He owns us and everything that we have. What
do we own? If we did, we would take it with us, when we leave this body.
God likes humbleness. He, in His manifested form shows such humility
which we cannot even think
of. There are examples galore in all parts of the world, as we read from
holy books and scriptures that God has taken some human form or other
and actually served many saints on this earth.
In verse no. 26,
Krishna says, "If one offers Me even a leaf, a flower, a fruit or
just plain water with love and devotion, I will accept it."
There are millions of
poor people who find it hard to make both ends meet. Such people cannot
afford to buy even a small, very ordinary, bouquet of flowers when they
go to the House of God. They feel ashamed. God says, "Come my
child. All I want is your love. If you wish to bring something for me,
pick up a fruit and bring. If you have no money to buy a fruit, go to a
garden and get a flower. If not, just get a leaf of a plant. If that
also is not possible, then
take a cup, fill it with water and bring it to me. Place it near my feet
or pour the water on my feet with love. I will accept it
It is also not true to
say that God does not accept big gifts from the rich. What He will never
look at is anything offered without love. Do not offer Him anything if
you cannot do it with love. Do not be mechanical stereotype robots. If
you think that because you are going to the house of God, you must take
something, and therefore you buy a few things, you are wrong. The
thought of visiting God, in a Mandir, a church, a Mosque, or any other
places of worship, including the house of a devotee, should make you
happy. If you think at that time "O! what can I take to my God? I
have now so much money in my wallet. I can easily spend so much, so let
me buy whatever I can with this money," This thought should make
you happy. Then you buy, what you can, and go with love. What do you do
when you want to give a surprise birthday gift to your spouse or a dear
child? Don't you secretly, in your mind, think many times what to buy?
Do you not think about the liking of the person? And on the day in
question, how happy you feel to give that gift! Do you expect anything
in return? May be a loving kiss or just a sweet smile showing
appreciation. Well, my friends, show the same feeling, same love to Him
and He will bless you more than you can imagine.
That is what God wants,
your love and devotion. Offer Him anything you can afford, but with this
In the next verse no.
27, Krishna has summarised all what is said above. He declares,
"Whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer or give away
and whatever austerities you perform, do that everything as an offering
This in short, means
loving God. You cannot think of Him, if you do not love Him. You will
not be able to love Him if you are not in contact with Him. You cannot
be with Him if you do not set aside some of your time to worship Him.
Hence, this worship is very important; and the basis of it is strong
faith. Add to it patience and devotion, and you are on way to His abode.
How would you offer Him
what you eat? Very simple. Before you eat anything or even drink
anything, feel in your heart, that He also would like to have it. Before
you put the first morsel of food in your mouth or before you take the
first seep of your drink, say to yourself " God, this I am offering
to you". Then eat and drink thinking about Him, feeling happy that
He is eating or drinking out of your hands. God does not demand
anything. He is simple. He likes simple people who can love Him with
This routine will take
us out of the Karmic bondage. All the fruits, good or bad, resulting out
of our attachment to Karma will not bind us. With our mind constantly
thinking about Him, there would be automatic renunciation of all Karmas
and in the end we will be liberated and reach His abode.
between Karmayoga and Bhaktiyoga
Here we see the
difference between the path of Karma Yoga and the path of devotion. In
the first one, you have to train your mind with the help of intellect to
remain non attachmed to every Karma that is performed. In the second
one, you train your mind to worship Him, to like Him, to love Him and
without bothering about Karmic bondage due to attachment, do you Karmas.
When His love takes hold of you, all Karmas vanish.
does God bypass Prakruti?
God has no likes or
dislikes. To Him all are equal. Because all beings get what they deserve
according to Karmic laws in which God does not interfere. His Prakruti
runs the show according to set rules which are same to all. It is only
when someone worships Him with real devotion and love, He responds
directly. He is with such a devotee and the devotee is with Him. In this
respect, even if His devotee is the most vile person on earth, God does
not keep Him away. Such a person, when changes from wrong to the right
path, should be considered saintly. This is a solace to people who may
have been engaged in bad practices in early years of life. When they tun
to God, mend their ways and worship Him with real devotion, He takes
them near Him and treats them in the same manner as He would treat a
saintly person. Such a person, is quick to advance in spiritual path and
attain everlasting peace. Krishna than declares boldly in verse no. 31,
"Arjuna, My devotee never perishes."
doors are open to all
In verse no. 32 He
says, "Those who take refuge in Me, though they be of lower birth -
women, Vaishyas and Shudras - can attain the supreme destination."
Vaishyas and Shudras
are the two lowest of the four fold classification of people which was
made by God, through Prakruti. They stand at lower level in comparison
with the other two, - Brahmins and Kshatriyas. This classification is
done purely on the basis of degree of intelligence and capability of
doing work. Unfortunately, this noble concept has lost its meaning and
even in today's world a Shudra is considered untouchable by many who are
high placed in society.
Even in times when
Vedic dictates were in practice, women, vaishyas and shudras were denied
certain spiritual tasks. They were not allowed to perform Yagnya. Women
are still considered inferior to men in some countries, even is this
advanced age. Krishna refers to this sorry state of affairs and says
that these people may have been considered lowly and not allowed to do
some holy Karmas. But God holds no such distinction. He considers all as
equal. These people, sort of discarded by communities will always find
place with God, if they worship and develop love for Him. No Karma is
low or inferior in character. It is the attitude of the person who does
it, that counts. Karma done with hate, dislike and in a slipshod manner
will be always low, however high the type of Karma may be. The one done
with sincerity, with full attention and in the right way will always
have high rating. But that, done with love and devotion to God will be
the highest amongst all, whether it is done by a low caste person or by
When it is true of a
person, doing an insignificant Karma like sweeping streets, cleaning
public utilities, that if he or she does that Karma with honesty,
sincerity, loving God all the times, the person merits a place in the
abode of God; then how much more opportune it must be for those who
perform better work? Brahmins are engaged in administrative work as well
as rituals like Yagnyas and worships. If they do their jobs sincerely,
honestly and with devotion, will they not find place with Him? So
Krishna says to Arjuna, "you are born in this body which cannot
give you eternal happiness. You have come to the earth in this life, so
do not waste it, perform your Karma (as a warrior) and do it with
devotion and love to Me,"
worship of God
In the last verse no.
34 of this chapter, He says, "Always think of Me, become My
devotee, offer obeisance's to Me and worship Me. Being completely
absorbed in Me, you will come to Me."
Consider this verse
addressed to us, the inhabitants of Kaliyuga. In this limited life span
where most of our time is spent in earning money to maintain ourselves
and those who depend upon us, where is the time to spare for God? That
is the reason, most of the people turn to God only when they retire from
active professional life. But then it becomes difficult to change their
practices and habits of so many years. It is not easy at that time to
give up attachment to family. Mind wavers. It also has false ego in a
strong position. Hence, now is the time to make the change. NOW means
right now. when you know what is right and what is wrong; when you have
understood what is God, what is birth and death and that there is no
escape from the miseries of Kaliyuga.
The change is also not
something which is difficult to do. You continue doing what you are
doing. Keep yourself engaged in all your activities. If you wish to
expand them, by all means go ahead. Follow the Karmic rules. Aspire to
earn wealth, fame and power if you crave for these material pleasure
yielding good things. But make a little change. Firstly understand and
train your mind to believe, that with all these good things, you are
also getting corresponding bad things. With happiness, there is sorrow;
with power there is weakness; with rise you also have down fall. If you
go to the top, you must come down one day; and the rise may take a few
years but the fall may take just a few hours.
Then change your
attitude. Be nice and loving to all. Do some self service to the poor
because in this way you will be serving God. Give up hatred and
jealousy. Do not envy. Appreciate good work, even done by your rival
competitor. Acquire the habit of giving when you receive more than you
need. Find some time to think of God who has placed you in that
position. Remember, He expects you to help some of His poor and
downtrodden children. There are so many of them . Do it with love and
not because you want to do something good. Try to be detached from your
Karma and keep your mind occupied with thoughts of love for God, when
you have free time. Use both intellect and faith. Intellect will prevent
the mind from compelling your body to take wrong action, when time comes
for that. Faith and devotion of God will stop your mind from
entertaining bad thoughts which are likely to end up later in wrong